The First World War Mothers’ and Widows’ Badge was issued to the mother and/or widow of all members of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) or the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force who had been killed in action, died of wounds or other causes while on active service, or who, after discharge, had died of wounds or sickness directly attributable to that service.
The black ribbon was machine-embroidered in gold with wattle sprigs, a Rising Sun badge and the words “For Australia”. The badges were suspended from a white metal bar which bore laurel leaves. Stars were added to the bottom bar, each indicating the death of one man. The badge was promulgated under Military Order 64 of 1919. (Australian War Memorial).