September 24, 2021

Go nuclear? Everyone else is and Australia is naturally endowed with the uranium

(Contributed)

Instead of Turncoat’s Snowy 2.0 $8 billion white elephant, over in South Oz, Australia could have its own nuclear power plant for $5 billion and generate more power, with spare to supply sister states and territories.  Of course it would be nationally funded as a national public owned enterprise, as all essential public services like electricity deserve to be.   They are owned by the public because our taxes pay for them.

Snowy 2.0 is another Turncoat pet project “innovation”, but for $8 billion (four times his Ruddesk guesstimate) the extra power output of just 2000 MWe from the Snowy Scheme.

An alternative cheaper way for Australia to generate an extra 2000 MWe of electricity would simply be from constructing two modern high efficiency, low emission (HELE) or ultra super critical (USC) black coal fired power plants. Two would cost $4.5 billion and be fueled by Australia’s abundant and actively mined black coal reserves.

So why don’t we?

‘Carbophobia’:  Anyone who breathes out causes CO2 emissions

Yet the Greens-Labor-Gnats-Liberals coalition celebrates increasing Australia’s net migration by 250,000 p.a.

Instead of the unacceptable prospect of rationing and blackouts, First World Australians should be comfortably warm this winter, and cool in summer, paying the lowest costs.   Australia has abundant uranium, coal, and gas so there is no excuse for domestic industry, business and homes paying high costs let alone going without.

Australia has abundant uranium, coal and gas.  But irrational political ideology is perpetuating a self-imposed energy crisis.

Solar and wind power can be part of the mix.  But why is nuclear power taboo in Australia?  Nuclear power is reliable, cost-effective, enables Australia to be energy independent instead of ridiculously importing gas, and it is safe these days.  It’s not as if Australia sits on an unstable tectonic fault line like Japan, or is reckless and complacent like the Japanese or Ukranians.

So why the anti-nuclear hysteria?  It’s not as if Australia is going to invite the Brits back to Woomera to do mushroom clouds.  We could have instead by now have become the world’s leading satellite launch nation, and instead of paying hundreds of millions so the Kennedy Space Centre to launch Aussie satellites.

America is the lead country in nuclear power. It has 99 nuclear power reactors in 30 states, operated by 30 different power companies, and in 2016 they produced 805 TWh. Since 2001 these plants have achieved an average capacity factor of over 90%, generating up to 807 TWh per year and accounting for about 20% of total electricity generated.The Palo Verde Generating Station in Arizona produces up to 4000 MWe (megawatts of electricity) of reliable electricity 24/7 irrespective of the weather.  It cost $6 billion and took twelve years to build.

Where’s the uranium fuel source?

Australia has the world’s largest reserve of uranium in the world currently actively mined at the Olympic Dam, Beverly, Four Mile and Honeymoon mines all in South Australia and at the Ranger Mine in the Northern Territory.   Australia has the expertise to extract, refine and enrich uranium ore into reactor-grade fuel. Australia even had the skills and wherewithal to build a high flux nuclear reactor in 1958 at Sydney’s Lucas Heights, when we led the world in such advanced technology.

That was before the hippie Lefties from the 1970s got into power and started unraveling Australia’s First World natural and value-added competitive advantages.  These days the Lefties have shorter hair but hate coal and gas just as much as uranium.  But they’re hypocritically happy to flog our wealth overseas, so foreign competitors may benefit.

Australia has been selling uranium to India since July 2017, no questions asked.  In May 2017, India announced plans to build 10 new reactors, a $14 billion move Turncoat expects will eventually provide 7,000 megawatts of clean electricity.

“What energy crisis, Narendra?”

Australia will be shipping 300 tonnes of our uranium each year over there, so the Indians can manufacture cheaply and reliably, probably exporting Indian goods back to Australia.  Next time you see a Landrover or Jaguar on the road in Australia, realise that it is made in India.

South Australia’s entire annual electricity consumption is 3200 MWe. Labor’s ideological Tesla solar battery experiment produces a meagre 100 MWe of electricity.  All Jay Weatherill’s evangelistic fan fair for 3% of the state’s needs, when the sun shines.

Where can the waste be buried?  Up the road at Jeff Baldock’s desert property in Kimba in outback South Australia or at Grant Chapman‘s remote Wallerberdina cattle station near the Flinders Ranges, also in South Oz.

Even more promising are Gen IV reactors, which don’t melt down or explode if or when accidents occur, they produce much less radioactive waste, they are highly efficient, and they consume cheaper, safer fuels. Some are even designed to consume existing nuclear waste.

In the UK in particular, attention is shifting towards so-called small modular reactors (SMRs), that produce less power but that have lower upfront capital construction costs. American based NuScale Power says a 12-unit version of its design that feeds 570 MWe to the grid will cost “less than $3 billion

Adelaide with electricity:  still more churches than mosques, lucky sods.

Today there are some 440 nuclear power reactors operating in 30 countries plus Taiwan, with a combined capacity of over 390 GWe – that’s a wopping 390,000 MWe!   In 2015 these provided 2571 billion kWh, about 11% of the world’s electricity.

Nuclear power capacity worldwide is increasing steadily, with about 50 reactors under construction in 13 countries notably Third World China, India, UAE and First World Russia.

In China, now with 38 operating reactors on the mainland, the country is well into the growth phase of its nuclear power program. There were eight new grid connections in 2015, and five in 2016. 20 more reactors are under construction, including the world’s first Westinghouse AP1000 units, and a demonstration high-temperature gas-cooled reactor plant. Many more units are planned, including two largely indigenous designs – the Hualong One and CAP1400. China aims to have more nuclear capacity than any country except the USA and France by 2020.

France is building a third generation 1600 MWe unit at Flamanville, for operation from 2019.  India has 22 reactors in operation, and six under construction.  Nineteen further units are planned, and proposals for more – including western and Russian designs – are taking shape following the lifting of nuclear trade restrictions.

In the UK, 11 units are planned, including four 1670 MWe EPR units, four 1380 MWe ABWR units and three 1135 MWe AP1000 units.
In the USA, there are plans for two new reactors, beyond the two under construction currently.

Power reactors under construction:

Start †  Nation Reactor Model Gross MWe
2018 China, CGN Taishan 1 EPR 1750
2018 Russia, Rosenergoatom Leningrad II-1 VVER-1200 1170
2018 Russia, Rosenergoatom Rostov 4 VVER-1000 1100
2018 Slovakia, SE Mochovce 3 VVER-440 471
2018 Korea, KHNP Shin-Hanul 1 APR1400 1400
2018 Korea, KHNP Shin-Kori 4 APR1400 1400
2018 UAE, ENEC Barakah 1 APR1400 1400
2018 UAE, ENEC Barakah 2 APR1400 1400
2018 China, CNNC Sanmen 1 AP1000 1250
2018 China, CNNC Sanmen 2 AP1000 1250
2018 China, SPI Haiyang 1 AP1000 1250
2018 China, CGN Yangjiang 5 ACPR-1000 1087
2018 China, China Huaneng Shidaowan HTR-PM 210
2018 India, Bhavini Kalpakkam PFBR FBR 500
2019 Argentina, CNEA Carem25 Carem 27
2019 Finland, TVO Olkilouto 3 EPR 1720
2019 Russia, Rosenergoatom Pevek FNPP KLT40S x 2 70
2019 Russia, Rosenergoatom Novovoronezh II-2 VVER-1200 1200
2019 UAE, ENEC Barakah 3 APR1400 1400
2019 China, CGN Fangchenggang 3 Hualong One 1150
2019 China, CGN Hongyanhe 5 ACPR-1000 1080
2019 China, CGN Yangjiang 6 ACPR-1000 1087
2019 China, CNNC Fuqing 5 Hualong One 1161
2019 China, CNNC Tianwan 4 VVER-1000 1060
2019 China, SPI Haiyang 2 AP1000 1250
2019 China, CGN Taishan 2 EPR 1750
2019 France, EDF Flamanville 3 EPR 1750
2019 Korea, KHNP Shin-Hanul 2 APR1400 1400
2019 Slovakia, SE Mochovce 4 VVER-440 471
2019 Belarus, BNPP Ostrovets 1 VVER-1200 1194
2020 Russia, Rosenergoatom Leningrad II-2 VVER-1200 1170
2020 China, CGN Hongyanhe 6 ACPR-1000 1080
2020 China, CGN Fangchenggang 4 Hualong One 1150
2020 China, CNNC Tianwan 5 ACPR-1000 1080
2020 China, CNNC Fuqing 6 Hualong One 1161
2020 UAE, ENEC Barakah 4 APR1400 1400
2020 Belarus, BNPP Ostrovets 2 VVER-1200 1194
2021 Argentina, NASA Atucha 3 Candu 6 800
2021 China, CNNC Tianwan 6 ACPR-1000 1080
2021 Pakistan Karachi / KANUPP 2 ACP1000 1161
2021 USA, Southern Vogtle 3 AP1000 1250
2021 Korea, KHNP Shin-Kori 5 APR1400 1400
2022 India, NPCIL Kakrapar 3 PHWR-700 700
2022 India, NPCIL Kakrapar 4 PHWR-700 700
2022 India, NPCIL Rajasthan 7 PHWR-700 700
2022 India, NPCIL Rajasthan 8 PHWR-700 700
2022 Pakistan Karachi / KANUPP 3 ACP1000 1161
2023 Brazil Angra 3 PWR 1405
2023 USA, Southern Vogtle 4 AP1000 1250
2023 Bangladesh Rooppur 1 VVER-1200 1200
2023 China, CNNC Xiapu 1 CFR600 600
2024 Japan Ohma 1 ABWR 1383
2025 India, NPCIL Kudankulam VVER-1000 1050

Which country has the world’s largest reserve of uranium?  Oz.
 

Rank

Country Uranium Reserves (metric tons)
1 Australia 1,706,100
2 Kazakhstan 679,300
3 Russian Fed 505,900
4 Canada 493,900

So why doesn’t Australia mine the stuff?

1. Ideology

2. Superstition and propaganda

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